In the early 1990s, a subset of the health sector— patented drugs—burst quite unexpectedly into the international trade debate. The ongoing trade negotiations of the Uruguay Round were in disarray, and support from sectors that relied on the protection of intellectual property rights became essential to move them forward.1 Indeed, the Uruguay Round Agreement was signed in 1994 only because it included a then much praised Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) agreement.


Between 1994 and the 2001 Doha Ministerial of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the spread of AIDS reached pandemic proportions. Research had yielded a cocktail therapeutic of drugs, but in 2001 a typical treatment cost US$12 000 a year per person—a sum far out of reach for most people with AIDS in developing countries. This imbalance fuelled a debate about access to essential medicines so acrimonious that it came close to derailing the Doha Ministerial.2,3 A solution was reached only 2 years later, and only 2 weeks before the 2003 Cancún WTO Ministerial.

Attachments:
Download this file (092_PUBLIC_LANCET_26_March_2005_The_Lancet_Trade_drugs_and_health.pdf)Trade, drugs, and health-care services[Millennium Project]45 kB

Sobre a REDE-TB

A Rede Brasileira de Pesquisa em Tuberculose (REDE-TB) é uma Organização Não Governamental (ONG) de direito privado sem fins lucrativos, preocupada em auxiliar no desenvolvimento não só de novos medicamentos, novas vacinas, novos testes diagnósticos e novas estratégias de controle de TB, mas também na validação dessas inovações tecnológicas, antes de sua comercialização no país e/ou de sua implementação nos Programa de Controle de TB no País.


bt2

Contato

E-mail: redetb.rp@gmail.com

Tel: +55 (21)3938 - 2426
Tel/ Fax: +55 (21)3938 - 2431.

Endereço: Avenida Carlos Chagas Filho, 791, Cidade Universitária - Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brasil. CEP: 21941-904

Assine a newsletter da REDE-TB

Curta REDE-TB no Facebook