BRIEF COMMUNICATION


Immunotherapy with plasmid DNA encoding mycobacterial hsp65 in association with chemotherapy is a more rapid and efficient form of treatment for tuberculosis in mice


CL Silva1, VLD Bonato1, AAM Coelho-Castelo1, AO De Souza1, SA Santos1, KM Lima1, LH Faccioli2
and JM Rodrigues3
1REDE-TB, Departamento de Bioquímica e Imunologia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil; 2Departamento de Análises Clínicas, Toxicológicas e Bromatológicas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil; and 3Nanocore Biotecnologia LTDA, Brazil


Tuberculosis (TB) remains a threat for public health, killing around 3 million people a year. Despite the fact that most cases can be cured with antibiotics, the treatment is long and patients relapse if chemotherapy is not continued for at least 6 months. Thus, a better characterization of the working principles of the immune system in TB and identification of new immunotherapeutic products for the development of
shorter regimens of treatment are essential to achieve an effective management of this disease. In the present work, we demonstrate that immunotherapy with a plasmid DNA encoding the Mycobacterium leprae 65 kDa heat-shock protein (hsp65 ) in order to boost the efficiency of the immune system, is a valuable adjunct to antibacterial chemotherapy to shorten the duration of treatment, improve the treatment of latent TB infection and be effective against multidrug-resistant bacilli (MDR-TB). We also showed that the use of DNA-hsp65 alone or in combination with other drugs influence the pathway of the immune response or other types of inflammatory responses and should augment our ability to alter the course of immune response/inflammation as needed, evidencing an important target for immunization
or drug intervention.


Gene Therapy (2005) 12, 281–287. doi:10.1038/sj.gt.3302418

Published online 4 November 2004


Keywords: DNA vaccines; tuberculosis; hsp65; immunogenetherapy

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A Rede Brasileira de Pesquisa em Tuberculose (REDE-TB) é uma Organização Não Governamental (ONG) de direito privado sem fins lucrativos, preocupada em auxiliar no desenvolvimento não só de novos medicamentos, novas vacinas, novos testes diagnósticos e novas estratégias de controle de TB, mas também na validação dessas inovações tecnológicas, antes de sua comercialização no país e/ou de sua implementação nos Programa de Controle de TB no País.


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